Glossary of Terms
501(c)(3): A code, applied to organizations by the IRS, denoting tax-exempt status. (source)
Direct Charitable Expense (DCE): Costs for activities that primarily benefit the public or charitable sector by (a) advising or otherwise assisting grantees or beneficiaries; (b) sharing information related to a programmatic strategy with grantees, beneficiaries, or the field; or (c) engaging in activities to develop, refine, implement, or evaluate a programmatic strategy. (source)
Foster Care: A system in which a minor has been placed into a ward, group home, or private home of a state-certified caregiver, referred to as a "foster parent" or with a family member approved by the state. The placement of the child is normally arranged through the government or a social service agency. (source)
Grant: A sum of money used to fund a specific project or purpose. The foundation funds work that meets specific grant making priorities and supports the foundation’s guiding principles. In keeping with its charter, the foundation does not provide funding to individuals. (source)
Indirect Cost: Project costs not readily identified with a specific project or organizational activity but incurred for the joint benefit of both projects and other activities. Indirect costs include costs which are frequently referred to as overhead expenses (for example, rent and utilities) and general and administrative expenses (for example, officers' salaries, accounting department costs and personnel department costs). (source)
Individual: A single human being as distinct from a group, class, or family.
Lobbying: The efforts to influence federal, state, or local legislation within the United States or international legislation. Private foundations such as the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation are, by law, prohibited from lobbying. (source)
Program & Services: Specific activities related to directly pursuing a nonprofit's mission. This does not include overhead and salaries, but rather focuses on the direct impact these activities have on the community served.
Request for Proposal (RFP): An open invitation to submit a funding request for consideration.
Residential Care: Residential care refers to long-term care given to children who stay in a residential setting, such a dormitory or group housing, rather than in their family home. (source)
Wrap Services: Intensive, individualized care management process for youths with serious or complex needs. An example might be education, parental training, in-home follow up, and counseling. (source)